Last updated on February 3rd, 2023 by Myla Pablo
Coconut wood is mostly used for building construction. Trusses, purlins, walls, joists, doors, window frames, and jalousies can all be made of coconut wood. High density coconut wood (from the stem’s perimeter) can be used for load-bearing constructions like trusses and joints, whereas low density coconut wood (from the stem’s center) should only be used in non-load structures like walls and panels.
The size of sawn lumber is constrained by the small diameter of coconut stems; hence, the ideal width and thickness of boards that are typically recovered are 25mm and 50mm, respectively. This specific issue is resolved for structures that need for larger sizes of lumber through the glued lamination of the wood to the necessary dimensions.
Additionally, posts, power and telecommunication poles, trusses, parquet flooring, girts, floor joists, purlins, balustrades and railings, and other load-bearing constructions might all be made of high density coconut wood. Coconut logs must be appropriately handled if they are to be utilized in ground contact under open circumstances (such as as posts or poles for electrical cables).
The use of medium density boards for walling, horizontal studs, ceiling joists, and door/window frames is beneficial. Generally speaking, coconut wood with a density of less than 400 kg/m3 shouldn’t be used for structural framing. However, they can be utilized as ceiling and wall lining in the interior of a structure in the form of boards and shingles. The difficulty of nailing and subsequent splitting of high density wood finishes is an issue with cocowood’s structural application.
Due to its lovely grain and appealing natural appearance, coconut wood has the potential to be a useful resource for the production of furniture, novelty items, and other handicrafts. High-quality coconut wood products, such as furniture, decorative interior walls, parquet floors, and various novelties and curio items like walking sticks, ash trays, hammer handles, egg cups, plates, bowls, vases, etc., are on par with, if not better than, traditional wood species commonly used in the furniture industry in terms of appearance. Quality furniture and other high-value coconut wood items can therefore have a potential share not only in the domestic but also in the global markets with efficient product promotion.
Coconut wood has the potential to be used in the production of high-end, export-quality finished goods. However, untreated freshly cut lumber can be quickly infected by mold and staining fungi, especially if it is improperly stacked and exposed to a humid environment while drying by air. This is true of many other traditional wood species as well. Decomposition fungi and pinhole borers may potentially contribute to further deterioration during air drying. Therefore, preventive treatment is required if it is utilized to produce high-value export goods.
Kiln drying should be done to bring the moisture content of the coconut wood to the level most suitable for equilibrium with its placement in service because checks and cracks appear on the surface of inadequately dried coconut wood or in reaction to variations in relative humidity.
Old coconut palm farms used for farming provide coconut wood. In order to collect the coconut fruit, the coconut palm was planted as a crop in sizable plantations throughout the tropics in the first part of the 20th century. The tree produces fruit for around 70 years before it is deemed to have reached the end of its economic life and is cut down to make room for new plantings. Millions of palm trees are cut down every year all over the tropics. The trunks have typically been discarded leftovers from this operation.
People have just recently started to investigate the possible business applications for this enormous alternative supply of lumber. As a result, coconut timber was commercially introduced in a variety of goods, including flooring, posts, and furniture. Coconut lumber is a feasible alternative to endangered hardwoods from a sustainable source, with products that perform on par with or better than traditional hardwoods.
The table below shows the latest retail February 2023 prices of coco lumber in Philippine Peso price per pc including its size and dimension.
Price and Standard Sizes of Coco Lumber per pc in the Philippines
|4 x 4 x 8||300.00|
|4 x 4 x 10||340.00|
|4 x 4 x 12||350.00|
|2 x 2 x 8||70.00|
|2 x 2 x 10||75.00|
|2 x 2 x 12||85.00|
|1 x 2 x 8||35.00|
|1 x 2 x 10||40.00|
|1 x 2 x 12||40.00|
|2 x 4 x 8||165.00|
|2 x 4 x 10||180.00|
|2 x 4 x 12||175.00|
|2 x 3 x 8||115.00|
|2 x 3 x 10||120.00|
|2 x 3 x 12||120.00|
UPDATED: Construction Material Prices for Coco Lumber in the Philippines (Feb 2023)
UPDATED: All Construction Prices are based on retail prices around hardware in Metro Manila
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